Seniors,?elderly and small children are most susceptible to overheating.? The symptoms of heat exhaustion and heat stroke include excessive sweating, pale and?clammy skin, fainting and vomiting. Heat stroke is a true medical emergency; any delay in treatment can be fatal. The best way to prevent this condition?is to stay cool. If a person is dehydrated and cannot sweat enough to cool their body, their internal temperature may rise to dangerously high levels, eventually causing heat stroke.
Sweat?is your body’s main defense for reducing extra heat. If blood is flowing properly, extra heat from the core of your body is “pumped” to the skin and removed by sweat evaporation. If you don?t sweat, you cannot rid your body?of extra heat. If you are dehydrated you won’t sweat.? So it is very in important to stay hydrated by?continually replacing fluids especially when it is warm outside.??The preventive measures that should be taken to protect?your body from overheating are as follows:
- Increase your intake of water
- Avoid alcohol and drinks that are carbonated,?sugary and?contain?caffeine.
- Avoid ice cold drinks. (When your?body receives ice cold fluid ?it causes your internal body temperature to rise in order?to compensate).
- Wet a bandanna or scarf with cold water and wrap it around your neck or your forehead.
- Wear loose clothing that is light in color.
- Avoid outdoor activity during the afternoon
- Eat more fruits and vegetables to?replenish water,?minerals and salt that you?lose?through sweating.
- If you don?t have air-conditioning, stay in the lowest section of your home?(remember heat rises).
- Reverse window fans to pull the heat out of the room, not bring hot air into the room.