Whether you believe in ?Global Warming? or not, the fact is temperatures are rising.? Seniors, the elderly and small children are especially susceptible to overheating. Anyone with a history of stroke, heart disease, high blood pressure, kidney disease and respiratory disease must take special care.? A dehydrated person cannot sweat enough to cool their body and? their internal temperature rises to dangerous ?levels, causing heat stroke.? Delay in treatment can be fatal.
Heat edema is swelling of the hands and feet caused by expanding blood vessels pooling fluid under the skin, and Prickly heat is a rash caused by blocked sweat pores.
Sweat rids body of extra heat. Blood flowing to your skin pumps extra heat to the skin for evaporation. Poor circulation means not enough sweat to get rid of the extra heat. If you?re dehydrated you won’t sweat, and your body keeps blood away from the skin maintain normal blood pressure. You lose water when you sweat; so the body makes up that water to avoid dehydration, making it harder to sweat.
Drink more water and avoid alcohol, carbonated, sugared and caffeinated drinks. Also, avoid ice cold drinks. Why? When you drink ice cold fluids your internal body temperature rises to compensate, causing further internal heating. ?Treat yourself to a cool bath and wear clothing that is light in color and loose fitting to let your skin breathe and avoid going outdoor in the afternoon when it is the hottest. Heat rises, if you don?t have air-conditioning, stay in the lower part of your home. Eating fruits and vegetables replaces minerals and salts that you lose from sweating.
A trained Home Nursing professional from Specialty Care Services can assist elderly patients in protecting themselves from the effects of extreme summer heat and cold winter temperatures.