As people begin to grow older, the immune system is also affected in many ways. This system is composed of biological structures and systems that create defenses against diseases.
As you age, your body becomes less capable of making a distinction between self from non-self (referring to foreign anti-generators or antigens). Hence, autoimmune syndromes become more widespread. Large white blood cells are slower to react to bacteria, cancer cells, and other invasive symptoms. This is why cancer becomes more common among senior men and women.
Lymphocyte and white blood cells
respond slowly to antigens. As seniors are exposed to new antigens, the body finds it harder to recall and defend against these agents. Some elderly folks retain smaller amounts of supplementary proteins. And they do not churn out as many of the natural disease-fighting compounds as young people do as protection against bacterial infections.
These transformations to a certain extent explain why lung inflammation, colds and tetanus are more prevalent among seniors that can result in severe illness and even death. This is also one of the reasons why inoculations are less effective among old individuals. Therefore, seniors should also get booster shots more often. Also keep in mind that as you age, your immune system becomes less efficient and can even attack your healthy cells. And aging also has an effect on swelling and healing of wounds. It will take longer to recover from an injury or a disease.
There are other factors that intensify the risks of infections. Germs and bacteria can enter through wounds. Surgical operations and sickness can make the immune system weaker. And the body becomes more vulnerable to such contamination. Diabetes is also more common among people who are 60 years and above. And diabetes will lower your immunity.
For seniors, there are several ways to boost your immune system. It is important to get sufficient rest and as sleep at night. You should also manage stress properly since this can adversely affect your immunity. Consume a lot of fresh fruits, greens and nuts. These foods enhances your body?s reaction to vaccines that protect against illnesses. Get some sunlight because it can help the skin produce Vitamin D which also fights respiratory contagion. Avoid alcoholic beverages if you are aging. Too much consumption can harm your system and boost susceptibility to liver and kidney ailments. Finally, do not forget to get the right amount of exercise on a daily basis.
A Home Nursing professional from SCS can set up a program of exercises that can help you strengthen your immune system. Be well.