As you age, your activity level will?lessen and as a result?you will?expend less energy.??Although you may not need as many calories now that you are less active,?you still need to eat?nutritiously.? Your overall diet should include proteins, carbohydrates, fats, vitamins, minerals and water. A?balanced diet in your later years reduces your risk of osteoporosis, high blood pressure, heart disease and certain cancers. Some general tips?on keeping healthy and avoiding illness and disease is to choose a variety of healthy foods, avoid?empty calories?like chips, cookies, soda and alcohol.???Prepare meals that are low in cholesterol and fat, especially saturated and trans fats. Saturated fats are essentially animal fats. ?Trans fats? are often found in processed foods, margarine and shortenings. They can be avoided by reading the labels placed on food products.
A?balanced diet?comprised of a ?variety of nutritious foods has many health benefits for seniors. ?Even if you already have one or more of the chronic diseases mentioned above, a?balanced diet and being physically active may help you better manage your condition.??? When determining the correct am ount of calories to consume, be sure to consider your level of activity.?Less activity should lead to the consumption of?fewer calories.? This will help to avoid excess weight gain, which?can increase the risk for disease and?joint pain.??Select foods that are high in nutrients?and?low in calories. Food choices can?also affect the ?digestive process. Not getting enough fiber or fluids may cause constipation. Eating more whole-grain foods with fiber, fruits and vegetables and drinking more water can help alleviate this problem.
Eating well isn’t just a “diet” or “program” that’s here today and gone tomorrow. It is part of a healthy lifestyle.? A professional home care nurse can help you?maintain a?healthy?eating regimen and exercise program that?may help improve?your quality and quantity of life.